How Do Solar Panels Work?

How Solar Panels Generate Electricity?

With the impact of fossil fuel on the environment and the issue of climate change, solar energy, is among the best solutions to these challenges. This is because sunlight is abundant in many countries, including Australia. Thus, solar energy has the potential to save the planet from further damage. 

More importantly, the greater adoption of solar energy provides a cheaper alternative to electricity as well as preventing global warming, thereby mitigating climate change. The earlier the human race encompasses solar power among other forms of renewable energy sources, the more they save our earth. Therefore, the use of solar energy is not only for short term economic benefits but a means towards a sustainable future. The process of generating electricity using solar power is not complicated.

The Electricity Generation Process

With the impact of fossil fuel on the environment and the issue of climate change, solar energy, is among the best solutions to these challenges. This is because sunlight is abundant in many countries, including Australia. Thus, solar energy has the potential to save the planet from further damage. 

More importantly, the greater adoption of solar energy provides a cheaper alternative to electricity as well as preventing global warming, thereby mitigating climate change. The earlier the human race encompasses solar power among other forms of renewable energy sources, the more they save our earth. Therefore, the use of solar energy is not only for short term economic benefits but a means towards a sustainable future. The process of generating electricity using solar power is not complicated.

Direct Current & Alternate Current

With the impact of fossil fuel on the environment and the issue of climate change, solar energy, is among the best solutions to these challenges. This is because sunlight is abundant in many countries, including Australia. Thus, solar energy has the potential to save the planet from further damage. 

More importantly, the greater adoption of solar energy provides a cheaper alternative to electricity as well as preventing global warming, thereby mitigating climate change. The earlier the human race encompasses solar power among other forms of renewable energy sources, the more they save our earth. Therefore, the use of solar energy is not only for short term economic benefits but a means towards a sustainable future. The process of generating electricity using solar power is not complicated.

How Solar Panels Are Made?

The main component of solar panels are photovoltaic cells, which convert sunlight into electricity. The other components are glass casings and metal frames. As a matter of fact, each photovoltaic cell is composed of two slices of semiconducting material, especially silicon. The silicon is connected to other matter, particularly phosphorous, to form opposite poles which are useful for creating a magnetic field. And in most cases, the manufacturers use boron leading to generation of fewer electrons. 

It is important to understand that silicon, a non-metal which conducts electricity, absorbs the sunlight and converts it into direct electric current.

However, the other components of solar panels are metal plates placed on the sides of photovoltaic cells to collect and transfer electrons. There are also some wires connected to the cells in order to transport electricity to the grid or houses or other facilities. 

In summary, a solar panel is made up of many photovoltaic cells, which are perfectly connected to make a unit, called a solar module. Now, let us look at the specific details of how solar panels generate electricity.

How Solar Modules Generate Electric Current?

One of the previous sections highlights how electricity is generated using solar panels. Here are greater details on how the process works. 

When the photons from the sun hit photovoltaic cells, electrons are released from their atoms and flow through the electric circuit created by attached conductors, located at the sides of these cells. It is the flow of these electrons within the circuit which generates electricity. 

Notably, solar modules have different voltages, depending on their sizes and makes. However, the more solar panels that one deploys the more electricity is generated. Nevertheless, the amount of electricity generated also depends on the weather condition on a particular day. On a sunny day, the solar modules produce more electricity than on a cloudy and rainy one.

How Does The Grid System Work?

Household or industrial electricity producers can connect their solar systems to the national grid. Any house or solar plant connected to the grid has its own utility meter to measure the electricity it produces and feeds into the national grid. 

This is important because an individual PV system during the peak daylight hours can produce more electricity than the facility requires. In this case, the system feeds the excess power into the grid that is if it is connected to it. 

In such a scenario, customers get credit for the electricity supplied to the grid. The good thing about this system is that you will be able to draw electricity from the conventional grid during the night or on very cloudy and rainy days.

Why Should People Use The Solar Power System?

Although the initial costs of establishing a solar system at home or factory may seem high, the benefits are immense.

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